Women as Superheroes: Feminist Journeys in Philosophy of Myth and Popular Culture (late post)

Joseph Campbell was an American mythologist and writer who coined the term monomyth, which is another term for a hero’s journey. The hero’s journey comprises of three main parts: Departure, Initiation and Return. The Great Myth was taken from a male point of view. The story tellers and chroniclers are all males. The focus of the Great Myth is the Masculine Journey. To bring female heroes in, Campbell turned to fairytales. Here, Story tellers are women as told to children. However, the famous ones are still men. In contemporary story telling, there came the comic superheroes. “superheroes” were trademarked and co-owned by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. A superhero must have extraordinary powers, skills, and equipment, he must have a secret identity and definately a strong moral code. From 12% Female writers, now there is only a little morethan 1%. In a female counter part of superheroes, there are three life stages. One is a maiden, a young and inexperienced. Her virtue is beauty and youth, she’s passive and patient and endures waiting. Second is a mother. Her virtue is nuturing. The last is a crone- an old woman. A Warrior woman, is strong and courageous. Another argument presented is having a super hero and being one. It is defining female identity as having a (men) her in our/her life (romantic interest). Heroes like Darna, Isis and Wonder Woman, all beautiful and passive and trying to save the world. Hetero-breeding superheroes: Scarlet witch. Moral code: the female superhero in relation to self autonomy is connectedness. Diversity of Images- Tokenism gives us an example of like that of Batwoman as a lesbian. In my own opinion, the points are well taken. The role of men in mythology are great but women are that of equals too. Beauty and power is not lesser than that of men. However, there is some part that depicts women very diversified. Like that of Bat Woman as a lesbian. It doesn’t really make sense why women have to be represented in comics like that. In any case, the role of women in being a hero is not of weaker or less valuable that that of representation. In terms of gender issues, there is streotyping when it comes to gender roles in society since our ancestor’s times but right now, the continuing development in global scale doesn’t anymore hinder the women or deprive them of equal rights to that of men’s. In fact, women’s role today in families especially in single parenthood is that they are represented as heroes as they can work and build their families on their own. It is proven by facts.


MY PSYCH MIND (late post)


What is Psychology for me? When I hear the word Psychology, what comes to my mind is studying the brain and personality and how a person acts and reacts. Also, I thought psych has to do with psychic powers and astral beings. After a term in Psych class I learned some misconceptions in psych, like for example, the astral beings. Its more on religion rather than science.

One thing that made me interested in this subject is the fact that Psychology is one of the sciences that I want to look into. Simply because it talks about how personality affects the life of a person and how it makes us who we are today. Well, it got me interested—until it gets all scientific and complicated. I’m not so great dealing with science and all but I really wanted to know myself better this way. Anyway, during this term in Psych, all I ever wanted was to pass and get this over with. I attend classes diligently and listen to the teacher. Though my mind sometimes wanders off somewhere else, I do listen as much as I can. However since I’ve been through this subject back in my early college days in DLSU, I slack off a bit.

Anyway, back to the lessons we tackled about in class, I really liked the part where we answered the personality tests and discussed about it. Though it’s really annoying answering a lot of numbers and reading long sentences, I am eager to finish the tests because I find it worth the time and at first because of the grades.

When we were finally going to discuss these tests in class, I was so ecstatic because I’ve waited long enough for this. The tests we took are, as I remembered the sequences are the: The Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator, The Keirsey Temperament Sorter, Revised NEO Personality Inventory Form, and the Panukat ng Pagkataong Pilipino.

According to the Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator, I am The Enthusiast. I am the busy and fun-loving type of person. According to the test, I am spontaneous, versatile, distractible and scattered. Spontaneous in a sense that I do things in a carefree manner and in a way, I do things without actually planning ahead for it. Versatile in a sense that I can be flexible and do anything at any given time, circumstance and in any given environment, I can easily cope. Distractible in a sense that I get easily distracted doing my stuff especially when given something interesting to do. Scattered? Well, sort off. Because I’m too busy doing all the stuff, I can say that I’m messy when it comes to my stuff. Since I’m too busy cleaning up, you can see my things scattered on the floor. What? It’s easy to find my things because I know where they are. My lowest though is the Investigator. I am really not the intense cerebral type. Though, I disagree that I’m not perceptive, innovative, secretive and isolated. I am sometimes but it doesn’t show because outside the house, I am the happiest person within my circle of friends.

In the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, I am both an extrovert and an introvert. I guess because it depends on the environment I’m in and the circumstance. If I get to be accustomed in the environment and get comfortable with the people that surrounds me probably I’ll be the extrovert but if I feel so lost or whatever, I’m the introvert. Between sensing and intuition, I’m more on the intuitive kind of person. I based my judgments on intuition. Though sometimes, I need to see to believe, most of the times I use the “hunch”. In thinking vs. feeling, I scored higher in feeling. I use my feelings in judgment because I decide based o the circumstances and how I feel the right thing to do will either benefit or not for me or for others. Between judging and perceiving, I’m more on perceiving. I understand thing based on perception and senses rather than concrete judgments. That’s the tests that I got interested in the most out of the four.

So, another one of my learning in class is about the human brain. Well, I’ve gone through this topic a lot more in my biology major classes back in DLSU but this one really tackles more about the functions rather than the compositions—which is more scientific by the way.

Informative Speech: Types and Key Concepts about Love

For today I’m going to talk about type and key concepts in love. In this generation and time, we have a completely different view about love. We merely mistake crush in true love. Well I’m going to shed some light about it today. So the types of love are the following, Liking, Infatuation, Empty Love, Romantic Love, Illusory or Fatuous Love, Compassionate or Partnership Love and last but not the least, Real Love or True Love. Now, what’s the difference between these?

LIKING includes only one component of love which is intimacy. Intimacy is a slowly developing emotional-interpersonal involvement.   An intimate relationship has the markings of what is commonly known as a “soul mate” or “best friend” relationship. In real intimate relationship, there is a feeling of honesty, trust, closeness, sharing and support but without intense passion or long-term commitment.

INFATUATION is solely based on passion. Passion is an intense desire for physical affection. Infatuation is often what is felt as “LOVE at first sight” or CRUSH.   When you are infatuated, you are physically or sexually attracted to the person. Instead of thinking about your crush’s qualities or values, you think more about the appearance and image.

EMPTY LOVE is only based on commitment or obligation. In cultures in which arranged marriages are common, relationships often begin as empty love.

ROMANTIC LOVE is a combination of intimacy and passion. Romantic lovers are bonded emotionally and physically through passionate arousal. It is the typical type of love you see in romance movies…red rose, candlelight dinner, drive-in movies, walk-in the park.

ILLUSORY or FATUOUS LOVE is a combination of passion and commitment. This type of love happens in a whirlwind courtship and marriage or it happens in scenario like – You are so sexy, now let’s get married! Commitment is made during intense heat of passion, with no chance for intimacy to settle in.

COMPASSIONATE or PARTNERSHIP LOVE consists of intimacy and commitment. This type of love is usually seen in old married couples in which passion has gone out of the relationship, but a deep affection and commitment remains.

REAL LOVE or TRUE LOVE has three components – intimacy, passion and commitment. Commitment means a stable, dependable devotion to another person. When two people in-love are committed to each other, they look towards their future not separately but together. They stick together in bad times and in good times.   Picture this kind of scenario: An old married couple standing in the beach embracing and holding each other’s hands while they watch the golden sun slowly disappears in the horizon. This scene can happen when you experience true love. Despite of being together all their lives, they still keep the passion burning and still have the deep affection for each other.

So a little playful question for those of you currently in a relationship, under which category does your love fall in? I challenge you don’t just feel it, think about it. Now, there’s so much to talk about love as a topic but for the moment, I will just end here. Thank you very much and, good day!

Cultural Diversity in Media

Cultural diversity is certainly a largely shared value. But it is understood in various ways and it does not have the same meaning in Canada, Europe, Brazil, the Middle East or China. Global culture is following the path opened by economic globalisation. It usually evokes superficial consumer products, and is often perceived as a threat to national and local cultures. The acceptance of universal individual and collective rights could be seen as a positive outcome of the globalisation process. If the universalisation of human rights is to be promoted, it appears to most experts that cultural diversity is a collective heritage that must also be protected. However, it has to be recognised, at the same time, that cultural vitality also depends on contacts with other cultures. Interchanges should be encouraged to maintain the dynamism of different cultures. In this respect, to ensure cultural development, openness is as much needed as protection.

Fostering cultural diversity in and through the media can go a long way toward bringing a civic discourse which favors tolerance and facilitates co-existence. It can contribute to the breaking down of cultural barriers, the initiation of cultural dialogues, the empowerment of marginalized groups, and the practice of good governance. The celebration of difference does not preclude the valuation of a common cultural core or a common humanity which brings people together in spite of their differences.

Cultural diversity has become a major concern also for journalism. News media are increasingly expected to recognize multiple ethnic constituencies and to take measures to represent these constituencies more strongly in the news agenda, the newsroom‘s workforce, and the audience. Common among these measures are initiatives to recruit more minority media professionals; to train reporters to be more sensitive to cultural differences; and to produce special programs or publications targeting minority audiences.

Whereas calls to bring cultural diversity into the news media can be heard across national contexts, they are not always justified and implemented in the same way.

We have access to the media almost every day by surfing the net, reading newspapers and magazines, watching television and by listening to the radio.

In today’s era of information technology, media has a deep impact on how we think and react. The mainstream or commercial media often portray multicultural issues in a less prominent manner. Or often these issues are completely ignored. Often their stance seems to be ‘If you are different, you don’t exist’. But worse still is when people from certain races are stereotyped. Every young Asian is turned into a gangster or a drug dealer, every young lady wearing a scarf over her head is ‘a damsel in distress’ suppressed and harassed by a chauvinist Islamic husband. And of course, every Muslim on the street is a potential terrorist!

In conclusion, media’s role in modern society is unchallenged. What we need however is socially responsible media. We need media that can, and I quote from the SBS mission statement, “contribute to a more cohesive, equitable and harmonious global society.”

Reflection: Babaeng-Babae (Docu-Film)

Since the documentary was filmed sometime in the 90’s, we could see how women’s status has changed in our society after 2 decades. While watching the film, I was moved by some scenes like when they did a “man on the street” kind of segment asking mostly men on how they perceive women and their roles in the society. Some of the men said that women are like men, only weaker. Since this is shot in the 90’s I pretty much understand because at that stage, women are still fighting for their equal rights in terms of employment opportunities and treatment. This one segment where in they interviewed women who are Overseas Contract Workers (now called OFW’s) is the one that touched me the most because as a traveler, I’ve lived my life all over the place and no, I’ve not encountered or experienced maltreatment or stereotype from locals of those countries I’ve been to. Although I’ve experienced being molested by a foreigner when I was studying in the Middle East, I understood why they do that because I’ve somehow studied the culture in that country. Women are very much protected in Middle East. Why does a country much like ours can’t do that too? Why are more and more women still suffering in the hands of men? We must give that issue some focus and importance too.

More and more women get to study and literacy rates for women go up because of the Millennium Development Goal which is a project of the United Nations development Programme. There are projects which get government to act upon women empowerment and I do think there are already a lot of improvements in terms of women welfare in health, poverty, education and opportunities for women. There are also significant improvements in women’s political and economical participation. More women get to run for office in the government and given the chance to prove themselves worthy of office alongside the men. More women are sent out abroad to be able to work for their families. Though this can be something to worry about at times because it can cause another problem which is brain drain if and when women sent out are really good professionals which are a waste of talents because they tend to get jobs which are lower than their standards but has a higher pay. One of which are doctors who becomes nurses because they cannot practice their specialization because of foreign policies. Women are also increasingly seen in corporate workplaces and some has their own businesses to handle as well. Though they still have fewer benefits, the MDG is still working for gender equality in workplaces, especially in terms of worker benefits and job opportunities.

What my resolution is being the empowered woman that my school wants me to be? Well I’d say being the best of who I am and using what God has given me to prove the world that women can do what men can do. I can’t change the world as a woman but I know I can contribute a lot in helping rebuild society by using my talents and capabilities for community development. Because I believe that when we start small, we grow and grow to succeed. There will be bumps and rough roads along the way but I know as a woman, nothing can stop me, not even men.

Discipleship in Community (Late post)

We were supposed to have our recollection last July but then due to cancellation of classes we were moved to the 2nd to the last recollection date which is October 19. I was so excited on the day of our recollection but then a few days before I found out that I will have 2 make up classes and activity on the same date. I was so devastated and I didn’t know what to do because both classes are major ones and I both have activities on that day as well. Marketing was an exception because I found out that it was okay not to report to class since we were excused but my TV prod class was really a pain because we had news reporting and it was a major activity.

On the day of the recollection, I wore a corporate top (since we can wear casual clothes on Mondays). I was thinking of showing up to my TV Prod class for a few minutes just to do even just 1 part in the broadcasting. I went to school early because there will be 3 classes that will have the recollection today so we are to find out where we were supposed to have our recollection. After a few minutes being in school, I was already with my friend Jen and we looked for our room which is CAR 301. It was my first time there and it was really really cold. I was so nervous because of my plan for that day. What if I was caught? Will I repeat my recollection? Anyway, we started the day with reminders. Yes the facilitator said that we were not supposed to think of anything else but the day was for our reflection and rest. But I was scared that I won’t have a grade if I don’t show up. I keep on falling asleep during our sessions because I barely have sleep for the week though I was active in sharing on the group sharing parts of after sessions. So after the mass, it was lunch time. I tried to finish as fast as I can so that I can go to class just for a bit. I raced to the other building, top floor, TV Prod room. I was in time for my part in front of the camera. I hurriedly finished my part and said sorry to my group mates that I couldn’t finish the rest. I raced to the 3rd floor of the Caritas building where we were having our sessions. I was greeted by stares and I bowed my head and said sorry while hurriedly walking to my seat because I was 5 minutes late. The day went by I still worry about getting an incomplete grade.

After our recollection, just as when we were about to go home, a classmate of mine told me that I was incomplete because I didn’t finished my parts and that it was not an excuse I have a recollection, as per my professor. So I went to the CMO and reported my case and they told me to go to the COMM office and talk to the prof and Dr. Acosta. I did that but I wasn’t able to talk to our prof because he went home already. I then went home super worried and emailed my prof but to no avail, he did not reply.

During our recollection, we were made to reflect. What struck me the most was the part where we were to reflect on who we are in the eyes of God. I know that I am God’s princess and I am His warrior but in this reflection He reassured me that I am his daughter. He is the father I never had. I know I’ve been a prodigal daughter and a sinner but he reassured me that even so, he is still there for me. He is still waiting for me. Even if I feel worthless, I felt His hug that time and it was reassuring and comforting.

At the end of our recollection, there was a part where we wrote in each other’s reco journal. We wrote inspiring and encouraging messages to one another. In these messages I will live by and always be grateful. I will always be holding on to God despite the challenges I face. Although I know I’d still be lurking on the shadows at times but I know God will always lead me back to the light. I will always be grateful for my life even if I think I’m worthless, I am reassured of the life in Christ. I will be a daughter and a warrior of my dad in heaven. I want to follow Him even though I know it will be a challenge. But I have to try.

The first Amazing MC Survivor Challenge held at Miriam College’s 2014 Environment Week

MC’s Higher Education Unit (HEU) held their annual Environment Week on August 18-22, 2014. The motto for this year is Tara… Handa… Kaya!, Team MC for Resiliency & Survival. With the theme on resiliency and survival, the National Service Training Program Department (NSTP) organized the 1st Amazing MC Survivor Challenge. It was held last Friday, August 22, 2014 at the HEU grounds at 9am-12pm.

The event was spearheaded by Ms. Jowima Ang-Reyes, Chairperson of the NSTP department under the College of International, Humanitarian and Development Studies (CIHDS) together with Ms. Rachel Mariano, Rescue 177 and the core group of MC’s National Service Reserve Corps.

Amazing MC Survivor started with four teams color coded with violet, red, blue and yellow that has two participants in each team. There was a diversity of participants like students from the HEU and Miriam Adult Education (MAE), staff from the Environmental Studies Institute and heads of the partner communities of the NSTP department.

“The Challenges includes scenarios of a disaster and participants will have to properly execute each challenge for certain points which will be given by the staff manning the stations. At the end of each challenge the teams will receive their next clue” Ms. Rachel Mariano, one of the organizers explained.

The activities includes book hunt using the Dewey Decimal system which tests a person’s ability to locate a book in a library, entering the dark room to search for emergency kits for a calamity, proper execution of Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), rappelling, proper bandaging, proper placing and transporting of a victim on a spine board, and several others.

They held the awarding of the winners at MMJ 203 during the class of Ms. Mariano at 12 in the afternoon. The winners received cash prizes and medals. 3rd place goes to the blue team with 66 points, 2nd place goes to yellow team with 81 points and the champion and the “Amazing MC Survivors” title holder this year is the violet team, Karen Rikki, a student from the HEU department and Kuya Eric from ESI with 92 points.

This event tests the responsiveness of the participants to calamities and disasters especially that the Philippines is prone to extreme disasters like earthquakes and typhoons. “The event will be held annually starting this year and we thought of integrating this activity through our NSTP’s Basic Life Support seminar every summer, as the culminating event” added Ms. Mariano.